The curious melange of musical fusion in North India started with Arab and Mongol incursions into India. However, it was the arrival of the Sufis and their accompanying musicians that served as catalyst to the emergence of contemporary Hindustani classical music as we know it today. The engagement began with the Bhakti movement’s yogic ideas, initiating a process of inclusive sociability at the core of which was the ability of Hindavi, and later the Urdu language to express metaphysical thought: and it was this that found an immediate audience.

FROM THE BOOK Delhi by Heart BY Raza Rumi